English Grammar in Hindi: Importance of Hindi Grammar


English Grammar in Hindi : How You Should be Reading and Why?


English is the most important language used by the peoples all around the world.  A recent study shows that out of 7.5 billion people 1.5 billion people uses English as the way of communication. In case you’re wondering that is 20% of the total Earth’s Population. In the continent of Asia, India is considered to be the home of the most English Speakers comparing to the other Countries. The main reason for this is, India unlike the other countries has more than 22 Languages used by different cultures all over India. The English Language plays a big role for bringing all these culture together along with Hindi Language which is the major spoken language in India. For this reason most of people speaking Hindi Language learns English Grammar in Hindi. Because of this people takes help of many books, online guide and English Speaking Apps to learn English Grammar through Hindi Grammar. Because English Language is spoken by all the professionals, it is becoming more and more important to know the English Grammar Properly. English Grammar in Hindi for competitive exams in Hindi. Today we will cover the english grammar in hindi rules for competitive exams.

Importance of English – Hindi Grammar

English Grammar

According to the Indian Census 41% people in India speaks in Hindi. As it is the most used language in India it is easier to Learn English Language through Hindi Grammar step by step.  Because of this most the education system uses the student’s mother tongue to teach their Student English. As a rapid developing country India is becoming a powerful country day by day. As a citizen of this powerful country we also have to develop ourselves day by day. There are many countries out there in the world are far behind India the main reason of that they doesn’t give importance to English Language. In India we give priority to English in our daily lives and it is important to learn this language if you are
  • Taking part in Board Exams or any Government Exams (Ex: SSC CGL/Bank Exams etc.)
  • Going for Higher Studies.
  •  Interested in Science and Technologic advancement.
  • India’s Internal Matters or International Affairs.
  • Seeking a Job in a good Company
These are the some of many reasons you should be focusing on Learning English Language. The best way to learn it is to Learn English Grammar in Hindi or any other language which is your mother tongue.

English Grammar in Hindi : Basic things to start from

Let’s start from the basics of English - Hindi grammar. There are 26 Alphabets in English Grammar. There are 5 vowels among them and the other alphabets are consonant.  The Hindi spellings of the alphabets are mentioned below:

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
बी
सी
डी
ऐफ
जी
एच
आइ
जे
के
ऐल
ऐम
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
ऐन
पी
क्यू
आर
एस
टी
यू
वी
डब्ल्यू
ऐक्स
वाय
जैड़


Types of Sentences :


Considering the meaning of the sentences, there are 8 types of sentences in English Grammar –

1. Declarative or Simple Sentences (विधिवाचक वाक्य)
Ex: I am going to eat (मैं खाने जा रहा हूँ

2. Imperative or Command Sentences (निषेधवाचक वाक्य)
Ex: Bring me something to eat (मुझे कुछ खाने के लिए लाओ)

3. Interrogative or Question Sentences (प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य)
Ex: When we are going out? (हम कब बाहर जा रहे हैं?)

4. Exclamatory Sentences (विस्मयादिबोधक वाक्य)
Ex: Happy Birthday Ram! (जन्मदिन मुबारक हो राम!)

5. Imperative Sentence (आज्ञावाचक वाक्य)
Ex: Shut the window. (खिडकी बंद करो।)

6. Skeptical Sentence (संदेहवाचक वाक्य)
Ex: Maybe we will go to Mumbai. (शायद हम मुंबई जाएंगे।)

7. Wishful Sentence (इच्छावाचक वाक्य)
Ex: May you find happiness. (आपको खुशी मिले।)

8. Indicative Sentence (संकेतवाचक वाक्य)
Ex: The sky is clear tonight. (आज रात आसमान साफ ​​है।)


Considering the construction of the sentences, there are 3 types of sentences in English Grammar

1. Simple Sentences (सरल वाक्य)
Ex: A boy was playing. (एक लड़का खेल रहा था।)

2. Complex Sentences (मिश्रित वाक्य)
Ex: A boy was playing and a girl was reading. एक लड़का खेल रहा था और एक लड़की पढ़ रही थी

3.Compound Sentences (संयुक्त वाक्य)
Ex: Whenever it rains, I like to wear my yellow coat. (जब भी बारिश होती है, मैं मेरा पीला कोट पहनना पसंद करता हु।)

Parts of Speech:

Parts Of Speech . English Grammar


Based on the uses and functions, words are divided into 8 different categories known as the Parts of Speech. These parts of speech are –

Noun (संज्ञा)

The name of person, things or places is called as Noun. In Hindi Nouns are also known as sangya (संज्ञा).

Ex:
pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John etc. (जैसे: कलम, कुत्ता, काम, संगीत, नगर, लंदन, शिक्षक, जॉन आदि।)

Pronoun (सर्वनाम)

Pronoun is the word used as a substitution of a noun. In Hind, pronouns are called as sarvanam (सर्वनाम).

Ex: I, you, he, she, some etc. (जैसे: मैं, आप, वह, वह, कुछ आदि।)

Adjective (विशेषण)

Adjective (विशेषण) are used to give additional information about the noun (sangya) or the pronoun (sarvanam).

Ex: good, big, red, well, interesting etc. (जैसे: अच्छा, बड़ा, लाल, अच्छा, दिलचस्प आदि।)

Verb (क्रिया)

Verb is the word that indicates the work done by the noun or Pronoun. In Hindi, the verb is known as kriya (क्रिया).

Ex: (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must etc. (उदा: (को) होना, होना, होना, जैसे, काम, गाना, कैन, मस्ट आदि।)

Adverb (क्रिया-विशेषण)

Adverb is the word used to give additional information about the verb that is done by the noun or the pronoun.  In Hindi, the adverb is known as kriya-visheshan (क्रिया-विशेषण).

Ex: quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really etc. (जैसे: जल्दी, चुपचाप, ठीक, बुरी तरह, बहुत, वास्तव में आदि।)

Preposition (सम्बंधसूचक शब्द)

Preposition is a word, used alongside with a noun or pronoun. Preposition describes the relationship between the nouns, verbs, and adjectives. It expresses the relationship of a noun or pronoun with some other noun or pronoun.

Ex: to, at, after, on, but etc. (जैसे: पर, पर, बाद, पर आदि।)

Conjunction (संयोजक)

Conjunctions are the words which are used for joining two sentences or parts of sentences. These words are known as conjunction.

Ex: and, but, when etc. (जैसे: और, लेकिन, जब आदि।)

Interjection (विस्मयसूचक शब्द)

Interjections are the words that are used to express sudden emotions. These sudden feelings or emotions originate due to sudden joy or grief etc.

These kind of words or phrases contains an exclamation mark ( ! ).

Ex: oh!, ouch!, hi!, well etc. (जैसे: ओह !, आउच !, हाय !, ठीक है आदि।)

English Grammar is a very important topic to learn. The stronger you’re in the subject the better. We have covered the basic topics of English Grammar in Hindi. Start practicing regularly English – Hindi Grammar to become a professional in Reading and Speaking English very easily.


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